BICKERSTAFFE CAGE-κλουβί εισαγωγής βασιλισσών
Σε καμία περίπτωση δεν κάνω διαφήμιση, απλώς παρουσίαση μιας ελληνικής προσπάθειας μιας οικογενειακής επιχείρησης, της οικογένειας ΜΠΑΤΣΗ από Ιωάννινα.
Από ότι θα δείτε πρόκειται για μια εξαγωγική κυρίως επιχείρηση,πρωτοφανούς για τα ελληνικά δεδομένα, τους αξίζουν πολλά συγχαρητήρια.
ΤΟ ΜΕΛΙΣΣΟΣΠΙΤΟ ΤΟΥΣ!!!
John talks through the process-Ο Γιάννης μιλάει για την διαδικασία
Buckfast breeder queen-Βασίλισα ΜΠΑΚΦΑΣΤ
the Oxalic acid Vaporizer-αυτοσχέδιος εξατμιστήρας οξαλικού οξέος
BICKERSTAFFE CAGE *
It is acceptable to use the travelling cage that the Queen arrives in for introduction, however some people with out apiaries or strong stocks may prefer this special cage which is the best known method to do the job.
The principle is a short passageway, fitted with a piece of queen excluder and a very small amount of candy (1 CM candy)which is eaten out by the bees after 2 -3 hours, the excluder preventing the queen escaping.The bees feed and care for the queen and after 6 or less hours the longer tunnel(1.5 CM candy) is cleared out and she can join the general community in a calmer state before they have the instinctive urge to replace her.
If not clipped the queen must be transferred to the cage inside a car or other enclosed space.Use a finger nail to prise open the small round hinge at the side of the travelling cage,the whole cage can then be snapped apart.Place the Queen on her own inside the open part of the new cage which can be covered with a card and placed in position on a comb of emerging brood (or bring the brood frame into the car if not clipped) slid away and then pressed in with a screwing movement, care taken not to cut through the mid-rib or damaging the queen.The cage is heavy and you must keep hold of it, pressed in ,until placed in the hive and the adjoining comb can be pressed into the staples to support it.Space the comb well away from its neighbour,lower in the frame with the cage keeping your hand on it until it is gently slid up against the adjoining comb and thus supported,(do not allow the cage to knock against a frame when lowering it in )the staples contact the adjacent comb preventing the cage falling off and allowing clustering space.The old queen can be removed at the same time as the new is given in one operation if taking away young bees as a nuc (making it ideal for out apiaries).However it would be better to leave the bees queenless for 6-12 hours to loose the older flying bees before putting the new one in. Ensure the tunnel holes point upwards when fixing onto the side of a comb of sealed brood- you do not want the queen to fall onto the floor on release.
The queen does not want to be confined in the cage for too long in case the bees build queen cells- hence the very small amounts of candy,allowing her to join the general community just at a time when they have missed their old queen, and before they have felt the instinctive urge to replace her by rearing another.
If you have an out apiary the best results are obtained by mixing bees , take a frame of bees and brood from three different hives together with a food frame leave queenless for at least 6 hours and take to another apiary, when in place introduce the new queen with the cage on a frame of sealed brood.
Queen acceptance can reach 96% in the case of nuclei when all instructions are followed.Return towards dusk a week later to check she has been released and alive, using lightly sugared water rather than smoke.Remove the cage and any brace comb.
R.O.B Manleys book"HONEY FARMING"
pages 200-207 describe this cage and the great success it brings to the most difficult and uncertain of all beekeeping operations.
The introduction of queens to alien colonies is the most difficult and uncertain of all beekeeping operations.
No method is 100% and as a result a leaflet is included with the cage which covers the key points.
The BICKERSTAFFE cage is based on the Alley-Chantry principle ,two passage-ways are built into the cage and one is covered with a piece of queen excluder. As less candy is placed in the tunnel with the excluder the bees reach her sooner, as she cannot escape the queen becomes calmer in the presence of the hive bees and when the longer tunnel is eaten out she can be set free in a calmer state, which can lead to improved acceptance of a valuable queen.
It is important to put only a VERY SMALL AMOUNT of soft candy into the tunnels. About 1cm in the tunnel with excluder and slightly more in the unguarded tunnel. You do not want the queen laying under the comb rather she should join the colony before the supersedure instinct sets in.
Keep a hand supporting the cage until it is wedged in between the frames.
With strong colonies it is important that the beekeeper knows exactly how to introduce a queen.
It is best to try and introduce the new queen to a smaller nuc composed of young nurse bees, two frames of sealed and emerging brood ,one frame of honey, one of pollen and an empty frame, try to avoid including eggs or larvae.
If you do not have an introduction cage the Queen cage that she arrives in can be used. Remove all attendants and the candy cap and place between the top frames. It is also possible to cut off the plastic end opposite the candy end to act as a queen excluder allowing bees to mix with the queen until she is released when the candy is eaten away.In two days if the bees are not exciteable,let them have access to the candy....keep eyes open for queen cells when returning in a week and knock out if found.
Using Carbon dioxide to knock out young bees is a successful method of introduction of Queens into mini nucs.
Bees from an established strong colony can be shaken off frames of open & sealed brood and then placed over a Queen excluder to allow younger bees to come up and care for it.The next day this resource can form the basis of a nuc.
Wait about a week after introduction, return in the evening towards dusk(daylight can cause a new Queen to fly away)and use a lightly sugared hand sprayer to cover the bees while looking for her. If a knot of bees is seen the queen may be balled-spray and firmly pat with fingers to release her.Re cage and allow her to recover.
If it is decided to unite the nuc to a stonger stock wait a week for the Queen to start laying and then use household air freshener spray on the floor and tops of frames of the hive ,place the nuc frames together in the new hive.
Ο Παναγιώτης πακετάρει τις βασίλισσες
ΝΗΣΙ ΚΟΡΟΝΗΣΙΑ ΓΙΑ ΠΑΡΑΓΩΓΗ ΒΑΣΙΛΙΣΣΩΝ ΙΤΑΛΙΚΗΣ ΦΥΛΗΣ!!!(αφήγηση Ζαχαρίας)