Μελισσοκομικός Σύλλογος Νομού Πέλλας - Ο Μέγας Αλέξανδρος-ΠΕΝΤΑΠΛΑΤΑΝΟΣ ΤΘ 377,58100,ΓΙΑΝΝΙΤΣΑ ΠΕΛΛΑΣ-Τηλ:6937 47 53 57,6977 027612E-mail: beeclubpellas@yahoo.gr - BEE CLUB PELLAS-THE GREAT ALEXANDER-YΙANNITSA PELLAS, ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΑ-MACEDONIA- HELLAS-GREECE,- Ωράριο λειτουργίας (ΔΕΥΤΕΡΑ+ΤΕΤΑΡΤΗ 18.00μμ-20.00μμ)


Δε φτάνει ο ήλιος μονάχα, η γη σοδειά να δώσει, χρειάζονται κι άλλα πολλά, και προπαντός η γνώση… (Κωστής Παλαμάς)

Έλληνες, ο πραγματικός Έλληνας ηγέτης θα βρεθεί. Το πιο σημαντικό αυτή τη στιγμή είναι να βρεθεί ο πραγματικός Έλληνας ΠΟΛΙΤΗΣ!"

"Προδότης δεν είναι μόνο αυτός που φανερώνει τα μυστικά της πατρίδος στους εχθρούς, αλλά είναι και εκείνος που ενώ κατέχει δημόσιο αξίωμα, εν γνώση του δεν προβαίνει στις απαραίτητες ενέργειες για να βελτιώσει το βιοτικό επίπεδο των ανθρώπων πάνω στους οποίους άρχει..." - Θουκυδίδης (460-398 π.Χ.)

Λένε ότι οι πραγματικοί φίλοι μπορεί να περάσουν μεγάλα χρονικά διαστήματα χωρίς να μιλήσουν ή να ειδωθούν, χωρίς ποτέ να τεθεί σε αμφιβολία η φιλία τους. Όταν βλέπονται, ενημερώνονται σαν να είχαν μιλήσει την προηγούμενη ημέρα, χωρίς να λαμβάνεται υπόψη ο χρόνος που πέρασε ή πόσο μακρυά ήταν!

“Γίνε εσύ η αλλαγή, αν θες να αλλάξεις τον κόσμο” Μ.Γκάντι

etm-mthoney-720p από cosmosdocumentaries



Μακεδονία ~ Ένας πολιτισμός αποκαλύπτεται ~ bbc... από KRASODAD





Καιρός ...απο το toukairou.com

ΤΟ BLOG ΠΡΟΒΑΛΛΕΤΑΙ ΚΑΛΥΤΕΡΑ ΜΕ MOZILLA FIREFOX- YOU CAN SEE BETTER THIS BLOG WITH MOZILLA FIREFOX


Πέμπτη, 10 Μαρτίου 2016

ΔΙΑΣΤΑΣΕΙΣ ΚΥΨΕΛΩΝ ΚΑΙ ΠΛΑΙΣΙΩΝ ΔΙΕΘΝΩΣ

Booty and frames



Langstroth - Designed by American Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth, acclaimed for the "discovery" of bee-space - that mysterious amount of space which bees will neither fill with propolis or comb. This is the most widely used hive design in the world. 

The Langstroth Beehive

The Reverend Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth created this beehive and received a US patent for it in 1852. It is the most common beehive in use around the world.


Dadant - Designed by American (emigrated from France) Charles Dadant and most commonly found across Europe, northern Asia and parts of South America. It is a close second for "world's most popular hive".

Dadant hive

The Dadant hive is in interesting beasty. C.P. Dadant experimented with many different dimensions of frame during his beekeeping. At one point (1868) he recommended, in France, to adopt a frame size of 12x13 inches. In years of experimenting, however, he found that larger combs had hidden benefits. They give the queen more room to lay, for she is loathe to cross the frame-frame boundaries vertically. Thus a deep frame is of benefit and as wide as is practical.

His own apiaries were standardized on ten Quinby-dimension(18 1/2 x 11 1/4 inches, spaced 1 1/2 inches) frames. He later admitted that he would move to the Langstroth width were it not for his significant investment in the Quinby volume. And, indeed, that is the size of frame current associated with the name Dadant.

The 11-frame modern "Dadant" hive is more properly called Dadant-Blatt (Blatt being the fellow who pioneered the Quinby depth with Langstroth width and spacing) or Modified Dadant and is sometimes also called the Langstroth Jumbo. Fear not, they are all the same hive.

It's a curious side-note that while much thought and experimentation went into choosing the brood frame size, the height of the honey frame was chosen as the most efficient given the size of knife used by Mr. Dadant for decapping honey for extracting.

At time of this writing, the Dadant-Blatt hive is the most common beehive dimension in the world, followed closely by volumes varying only in the number frames. Langstroth hives are catching up fast, however, due to lower cost because of the narrower planks required for the brood box.

For historical reference, I suggest a good read of the Dadant System of Beekeeping (C.P. Dadant, 1920). See also The ABC and XYZ of Bee Culture (A.I Root, E.R. Root), page 365 of the 1917 edition.


WBC - Designed by Englishman William Braughton ****. This hive type is almost exclusively found in UK and only then in the apiaries of hobbyists who mostly use it because its sloping sides beautify their gardens.
British Standard National - Essentially designed by committee and refined over several decades, this is the "standard" hive in use in UK and has little following elsewhere in the world.

Smith - Designed by Scotsman Willie Smith. This is, essentially, a smaller and simplified UK National. Use is almost exclusive to UK; most frequent in Scotland.

Layens - Designed by French botonist Georges de Layens. This has great popularity in France and Spain.

Warré - Designed by French monk Émile Warré. This hive has some following in France and gaining popularity amongst experimenters in UK and the Americas (both North and South).

Voirnot - Designed by French monk Jean-Babtiste Voirnot. This hive is popular in parts of Spain and France. However, this popularity has dwindled in favor of the Dadant and Layens hives.

Adansonian - Design by Belgian professor Roch Domergo. This is another not-popular hive, but it is distinctive in two ways: 1- It is designed specifically to house the smaller African honeybee (Apis Mellifera Africanus) and, 2- It is the most recently designed hive on this list, having been concieved in 1980.

Newton - I have no idea who designed this hive, presumably a man named Newton. This, also, is not a popular hive type. It's distinction is having been designed specifically for the Asian Hive Bee (Apis Cerana). It is notably smaller than the other hives, as befits a bee colony with populations notably lower than the European honey bee.

Skep - Since I live in a place where it is permitted to keep bees in this type of hive, I will build one. These are virtually extinct in North America (legal issues), but can still be found in Africa, southern Asia, South America, the Indian subcontinent and, rarely, in Europe.

Zander - Commonly found in Germany. It's a vertical, sectioned, framed hive. Still looking for some history on this one.

Segeberger - Found mostly in a limited area around Segeberg, Germany. This is a vertical, framed hive.

Bienenkiste (bee-box) - An old German horizontal beehive finding new interest among hobbyists. It is worked either from below or the rear of the hive, dependant upon the goals of a given intrusion.

Die Bienenkiste

The Bienenkiste is a modern incarnation of an old folk hive from Germany. These simple hives were designed to be virtually maintenance free. They provide plenty of space for a large cluster of bees and a separate honey compartment which can be robbed by the beekeeper with little risk of disturbing the bees.

Essentially an horizontal box, about a meter long and 1/3 meter tall. The front 2/3 of the box contains the cluster and the back 1/3 the honey reserve for the beekeeper. The two sections are partially separated by a board running the full width and most of the height of the box, leaving a space for the bees to crawl underneath for access to the rear.

Honey is harvested through a removable board at the back of the hive, allowing the beekeeper to remove the filled combs. Once removed, the honey can be strained from the wax. This leaves plenty of wax for candles, varnish or other uses and plenty of honey for the table. German beekeepers report average harvests of 14-18 kilograms honey and one and one half to two kilograms wax, after cleaning. Little propolis is found on the combs or anywhere else in the back portion, so the wax starts quite clean right from harvest. The separator board largely limits brood rearing to the front portion meaning few, if any, left over crysalis material. Perfect comb-honey!

Most manipulations are performed from underneath by tilting the hive onto one end and unlatching the bottom board to expose the combs. While not the most convenient way to access your hives - especially if you stack multiple hives atop one another - it does provide excellent access to the combs for drone population control, cutting out queen cells, sugar rolls, etc.

Swarm management ability is limited, at best. There just is no easy way to access the broodnest. Then again, there's a strong argument in favor of just letting the bees be bees and leave them alone. The volume of the hive does not allow for enormous populations that commercial honey producers aim for. Let them swarm. Capture the swarm and hive it in another hive - perhaps another bienenkiste? - and increase your hive numbers. When the colony dies out, scrape out the old comb and repopulate. The labor requirements for the hive are so minimal, this is really the perfect lazy beekeeper's hive.

Disease management is likewise limited. Again, without easy access to the broodnest, the common techniques of disease control are not practical. The hive promoters recommend organic acid fog treatment, through either the entrance or from the honey chamber, for treatment against varroa. Probably the best method is let nature run its course. Let the bees fend for themselves. They can and will adapt to the presence of parasitic mites, given time. Other illnesses are likely to be less prevalent simply due to fewer intrusions by the main honeybee predator: the beekeeper. Remember, disease is dis-ease. Allow the bees to live at their ease and they will thrive in almost any circumstance. Eventually, any given hive will lose its population. This is perfectly normal and natural. Just clean out the hive and repopulate with a package or swarm.

Full details and construction plans can be found at the home of the bienenkiste movement on the web.

http://www.bienenkiste.de/ (site in German language)

Kevin Pfeiffer has kindly allowed me to link to a model he built in Google Sketchup.


Kerkhof - Designed by Canadian Herman Kerkhof, this is basically a double-hive consisting of two colonies in Langstroth nucleus boxes with a shared honey storage area. There is a complex ventilation system throughout. It has recently come back into commercial production - with modifications - by a New York beekeeper, under the moniker "H3".

Hinterbehandlungsbeute (rear-access hive) - This German contraption is an odd combination of horizontal and vertical hive. The framed combs are arranged as a vertical orientation, yet the beekeeper accesses the interior of the hive from the horizontal aspect. It also appears that I will need a cabinet-maker's precision to construct this; intimidating!

Golz/Bremer - This framed, horizontal, two-chamber hive hails from Germany. The original design, by Wolfgang Golz, has the combs oriented perpendicular to the entrance ("cold-way"). John Edwald Bremer's primary modifications are to reorient the frames parallel to the entrance ("warm-way") and change the frame size.


Quinby - This American beehive is extremely similar to the book-hive used by Huber to make his famous - and still often referenced - observations. Essentially, it's a series of frames lashed together with end-boards to enclose the whole mess. How he ever managed to achieve any profitability with these as a commercial beekeeper, I'm not sure I'll ever understand, even after reading his book!

 

Hive
Dimensions
Brood
Internal
(Length, Width, Height)
Honey
Internal
(Length, Width, Height)
Frame
Dimensions
(Length, Width, Height)
 Langstroth
 Dadant 450 x 380 x 320 mm
 450 x 380 x 170 mm
 470 x 24 x 300 mm
 470 x 24 x 163 mm
 Kerkhoff
 B.S. National
 Smith
 Layens 345 x 345 x 405 mm
 345 x 345 x 215 mm
 364 x 24 x 397 mm
 364 x 24 x 207 mm
 Warré 300 x 300 x 210 mm 300 x 300 x 210 mm None
 Adansonian 320 x 320 x 320 mm 320 x 320 x 320 mm 332 x 31 x 318 mm
 Newton 238 x 229 x 162 mm 238 x 229 x 162 mm 254 x 22 x 140 mm
 Skep varies varies None
 Bienenkiste None
 Hinterbehandlungsbeute
 Trunk varies varies None and/or varies
 Voirnot380 x 380 x 380 mm 300 x 300 x 210 mm 
 Voirnot (correct measurements?) 350 x 350 x 360 mm
 350 x 350 x 160 mm
 330 x 13 x 300 mm
 330 x 13 x 150 mm

sketch frames
Name / prey A B C D cross-section
mm 2
MW b / h
Alberti leaves Stock

420 270 1134
Worksheets spoils of Empire Section beekeepers

223 370 825.1
Badisch all (Vereinsmaß) 237 210



Badisch half

240 420 1008 220/195
Bayrisch.Hoffm.kl.




350/235
Berlepsch





Berchdesgardener measure 235 370



Brown cal measure





Bürki Case

270 230

Dadant brood chamber 435 300


420/270
Dadant Honigraum(ΜΙΣΟ ΠΑΤΩΜΑ) 435 160


410/132
Dadant type American 460 270

1242
Dadant mod(ΤΡΟΠΟΠΟΙΗΜΕΝΗ) 448 285



Dadant leaf frame 435 300



Dadant Journal

420 270 1134
Dahte wide honeycomb 347 225



Dahte high honeycomb 223 360



Danish trough prey 310 260



German Normal 370 223


350/200
German Normal 1 1/2 370 311


350/308
Alsace-Lorraine-measure 240 320



French Congress prey 362 362



Double Zentralvereinsmaß 320 430



Freudenstein 338 200


320/180
Gerstung wide 410 260 400 250
390/235
Gerstung high 260 410 250 400
240/390
Helvetia box (brood chamber) 360 300 344 270 934
Helvetia box (Honigraum) 360 150



Hoffmann small 370 260



Hoffmann large





Italian Vereinsmaß 426 261



Yugoslavian special size 400 300



Kuntsch wide




310/230
Kuntsch high 330 250


230/310
Langstroth flat 448 159


420/133
Langstroth 448 232


420/205
Lüfteneggermaß 420 220



Master Stock from Schulz 350 240



Austria. wide honeycomb 426 225

922
Rheinische Ideal prey (Schneider) 250 420



Spühlerkasten brood chamber 385 335 370 310 1147
Spühlerkasten Honigraum 385 170 370 150

Swabian camp prey (Alsatian) 272 362



Schweiermaß old 272 277



Schweiermaß new 340 260



Swiss Case 286 354 270 346 934
Swiss high honeycomb 270 340



Swiss Stock (brood chamber) 288 361



Swiss Stock (Honigraum) 288 177



Schleswig Holstein mobile hive 310 260



Sträuslis- Dadant- Alberti frame 435 300



Hungarian Bockzonadibeute 420 360



Wiener Club Stand 250 420



Würtenbergisch New 272 277


250/250
Würtenbergisch Old 272 220


250/200
pike-perch 420 220

800 395/195

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