- να κάνει γνωστή την χρήση των κυψελών Ντανταντ στην Γερμανία, με την εκμυστήρευση ενός απλού Γερμανού μελισσοκόμου.
- πλεονεκτήματα τους
- διάφορα μελισσοκομικά θέματα
- ενέργειες κάθε μήνα
So there are differences in the width of the ears, the thickness of the wood and also slight variations in dimensions.
This will probably serve the customer loyalty to the respective providers, but causes hives and frames that are not compatible.
In GERMAN Bee JOURNAL 2/2012 could be published for reasons of space only excerpts.
For a better understanding of my arguments on all relevant points in prey choice here the entire manuscript:
Presentation: Beekeeper prey operation
with 16 frames in the size of 27 x 30 cm, με 16 πλαίσια το μέγεθος των 27 x 30 cm
housed in free stalls each with 3 pcs. It was geimkert with semi-high supers and thick honeycomb. Instead of a difference in size of the frames, as is common today, but back then was filled from time to time existing space with Srohmatten.
Since I could hardly walk with these booties I had my early 90s
Zander foam booties with 9 hexagons each frame into buying.
Despite intensive efforts, I could not cope with this loot system. The brood chamber was much too large for the performance of the Queen.
The large amount of pollen that was stored in the brood chamber promoted severity of the swarm pleasure.
The fencing was right on the frames. The bees were able to overcome just above the narrow streets of this honeycomb "obstacle".
With the matching bees distance of 6-8 mm in Dadant the bees can easily reach the honey super on the entire grid area and are not forced their "cargo" filed in the brood chamber, which leads to a narrowing of the brood nest and thus to increased swarm mood. !!!!!!!!!
In 1997, I then (then 60 people) changed the entire beekeeping on the modified Dadant system(σύστημα τροποποιημένης Νταντάντ).
In the brood chamber 12 frames + difference in half - high honey honeycomb chamber 10.
Στην γονοφωλιά 12 πλαίσια και στον μελιτοθάλαμο(μισό πάτωμα) 10 πλαίσια προφανώς με διαχωριστή πλαισίων
From then on it went uphill. Revenues increased far beyond the usual prey of trough time degree, I had less work and was finally able to successfully migrate.
Similar to earlier in the trough booties brood chamber was adapted to the condition of the people and the performance of the Queen.
In the spring of the peoples are concentrated after cleaning then flight to the minimum necessary number of honeycomb. The bees must be able to besiege and warm all the cells in the brood chamber completely even in cold weather setbacks. The teaching space is limited with a difference. Only taken honeycomb with uneaten food made up for the release of the honey space for clearing behind the difference. The growing brood nest is supplemented as necessary by drone frame and center panels.
By properly adjusting the breeding area, the bees in my experience
their "living room" better air-conditioned,
the people develop better in the spring,
the bees are more durable and powerful.
adapted BR - extended left with drone frame(προέκταση αριστερά με κηφηνοκηρήθρα) and to position 2 and 3 with center panels)
Development brake split brood chamber
Go to "feel" the Bien's heard in my experience that, especially in the spring brood ball is not hindered by unnecessary Rähmchentrennung on the expansion.
By top carrier, bees and subcarrier spacing of the upper edge of the box and not incubated honeycomb beginnings arise when shared brood box about 5cm separation!!!!!!!!!!!,
a disaster!!!!!! for the continuous development of the brood nest,
which this season has the shape of a sphere. η οποία αυτή την εποχή έχει το σχήμα μιας σφαίρας
To benefit fully air-conditioned save the bees in the region of the honeycomb transition easily from hatching until the edge of the spherical shape has overcome the separation.
This saved bee brood is simply missing and thus influences negatively the development of the following Biens over several breeding cycles. επί αρκετούς κύκλους αναπαραγωγής .
The better spring development was clearly confirmed by experts. (U. A. Gerd Stammler German Bee Journal 10/04 page 14)
Optimal allocation of a brood-comb Dadant Βέλτιστη κατανομή του γόνου
In winter the brood ball sits under the honey wreath on the same honeycomb, can spread to the upper support and then also extend to the back of rising temperatures in the spring.
The newly registered honey is stored directly in the first honey super.
Around the beginning of May, the entire honeycomb is then filled with brood.
Pollen stock Απόθεμα γύρης
The bees will continue to maintain the planned level of well-matched in number brood combs,
but reduce the pollen storage. αλλά μειώνουν την αποθήκευση της γύρης.
In double brood chamber Zander bees put on a ton of pollen stock that constricted the brood nest in effect and thus greatly promoted the swarm pleasure. προώθησε σε μεγάλο βαθμό την ευχαρίστηση σμηνουργίας .
Since scientific evidence of the amount of the registered pollen has no direct influence on the breed extent,
the bees do not need a large stock in my opinion.
In just over 30 years, I've never seen that bees restrict the breeding due to lack of pollen.
Adoption of honey space
With the progressive development of the bees in the Dadant stretch her brood on the great brood combs to the upper support. The result of the brood combs as Zander no honey cap that prevents the bees often adopt the honey super.
This honey bees cap set at Dadant immediately above the Barrier in the honey super, since where the beekeeper can then reap.
So it is only possible to harvest this year as a delicious breakfast costume honey before the onset of flowering rape.
Specific additions of building frame and Means the walls brood volume increases steadily until around mid-June
The swarm control is when you lift the Dadant given to date honey spaces and acceptance of Absperrgitters by dragging individual honeycomb.
There the difference is pushed to the side, making room for gentle release of the first honeycomb. This is the drone with me. In most cases, can be connected to the drone swarm mood already seen. If it contains a lot of open brood and eggs but no (game) cups, I assume that no swarm mood prevails.
This still uncertain state of knowledge corresponds approximately to as a "tilt control" in the divided brood chamber. The time required is both hives still about the same.
significant differences :
However, should show swarm mood, the differences are serious:
When you split the brood box stall prevention is terminated, that is, close the brood chamber again, pick up the honey super, remove the fencing, divide the brood chamber and again, depending on the design, control frames 18-22 and break the swarm cells.
Are the bees only "annoyed" and restless or even aggressive?
Existence, however, the drone is some distance placed back into the incubator space at the abgerückte difference and still controls about three brood combs at Dadant for control of the drone doubt.
Since the drone as Randwabe attracts the queen cells magically I can make a secure judgment to me now.
If there are cultivated cells, the entire brood chamber (that is the only time 7-9 combs) controlled and broke all cells.
The drawn combs are immediately placed on the last drawn back, so that between the already controlled honeycomb and still "virgin" always results in a gap.
After completion of the control of the entire honeycomb block is pushed as a whole to its original position.
This approach ensures an extremely gentle and fast processing without even a bee is crushed.
Moreover, no device for the parking of the honeycomb is required.
Heavy labor: Stall Prevention
Is also concern that the swarm-tilt control heavy labor means that the second and possibly already patched third Honigraum is removed. The brood chamber plus belassenem first Honigraum may 40 - weigh 50 kg. This weight before and to push back so it does not slip off the Knew should be increased to 45 ° and keep it to squat to give smoke and twist your neck to see wells in the upper brood chamber is already a circus mature number.
And I have saved a lot of time. The swarm control, including any swarm prevention of an apiary of 12 nations, including applicable additional work such as widening or insert a bee escape for honey extraction takes me no longer than one hour.
Is the Bien prey matter?
In my experience, even the Bien must be adapted to the prey and operation itself. When breeding, therefore, must be continually selected under the particular circumstances anticipated. What is essential is the prey with the corresponding operation.
Each source may only under the conditions in which they bred and by which they were selected to show their true qualities.
The economic nations are generally not being ripped off because we need the bees in summer dress.
To offshoot education only "weaklings" completely dissolved. Around the middle of the Rapsblüte Just send an offshoot brood comb to education, which is occupied about 2/3 of hatching. After addition of a slip-mature precious cell and proper care, these young people develop into complete by autumn Economic peoples.
To increase peoples are created primarily by the Linde harvest artificial swarms with me.
Integrated requeened and varroa reduction
Regarding "Varroa" I see in the different prey systems no serious difference.
Economic nations, I understand at the beginning of Linde dress the Queen. After about 4-6 days is re beweiselt with a slip-precious mature cell. In addition to the renewal of the Queen, this results in an optimum time for the varroa reduction. Because after the emergence of the "old" Brut and the first lidding the "new" breed there are some days not capped brood in the people, so that the Varroa can be very effectively reduced with an oxalic acid solution.
This damage to the brood by the aggressive formic acid is prevented.
Different Wabenmaß in brood and honey room
The greatest advantage of the semi - high Honigraum is its weight. With max. 17-18 kg, it is "easy" to move relative.
Due to the low height is to interfere with the early spring build possible without the heat balance of the Biens serious for a an early touchdown. On the other hand, the low Honigraum facilitates the extraction of varietal honey.
In mass costumes like this year in the acacia or 2009 in the Linde(φλαμούρι) had in honey space as experienced up to 90 kg of fresh honey be accommodated.
Then the beekeeper is forced, whatever prey he used in "eye level" set up. This is with a semi - high Honigraum "simple" to accomplish.
The brood chamber is as the name says in my operation intended for breeding.
There are at Dadant no good reason to swap rooms or honeycomb with each other.
It is very important for me that honey is harvested only from non-incubated honeycombs. This tastes natural and not according to the "legacy" of bee brood.
If persistent costume other necessary honey spaces are placed above each.
In any case, the empty frames may be placed under the already registered honey as the bees then at cooler temperatures the honey can not besiege enough and the water content increases thereby.
Since then, I adhere to this principle I can still thick honeycomb honey in room no problems with high water content of honey.
Due to the strong concentration of the breeding area in early spring about half of the honeycomb is excreted in each year.
Are complemented then existing brood combs after the last centrifuging by means walls. By then immediately Auffüttern with liquid feed the bees are causing them to expand for storage of winter food.
In this context, it is often criticized for working with Dadant with individual cells. However, this is not negative, as well as all sides need to be prepared and transported. Only the transport of the workshop for apiary is accomplished differently.
Should also be noted that due to the small number of max. 11 brood per colony the cost of building renewal fails significantly cheaper.
In Honigraum I use the honeycomb 2 - 4 years without hygienic concerns. You are unbebrütet and in the time of Varroa reduction in the honeycomb storage.
Another advantage of the system: all discarded honeycomb covered in early spring to after concentration and can be melted in a relatively weak labor time. As the year continued to fall, to the chagrin of the wax moth, no further Altwaben more.
The semi - high Honigraum(μισό πάτωμα) can be quickly rid the fan of bees, because in the short streets of the honey is tilted area of airflow less entangled than in the comb ways a normal - high frame.
For transporting and loading Booty I use a wheelbarrow wheels equipped with hand truck whose cargo area extends under the entire prey.
The loot parts are square and have not only on two sides projecting handles on all sides but ergonomically shaped, milled recessed grip. Thus, the frames can be grasped and stacked depending on the situation from all sides.
Since no components on the 22 mm thick booty wall through which transport capacity is optimally utilized.
In the acquisition There are hardly any differences. You need at Dadant Although only one brood chamber but surely a Honigraum more. The higher price for the brood chamber and Bruträhmchen is more than compensated by the lower number.
Conversely, if the supers: at Dadant you sure needs a Honigraum more.
I st beekeepers in Dadant difficult?
The beekeeper must adapt to his prey system.
However, I have learned that "old hands" in beekeeping are often difficult to do from traditional approaches to distance.
So it is devastating when made use of other prey systems, corresponding modes are not transferred.
Beginners who still know nothing else, have come here to the slightest difficulty with the loot and their optimal operation clear.
In Dadant the entire brood chamber without major disruption of Biens is fully appreciated in a short time.
All comb ways can be viewed from above.
The max. 11 honeycomb can be solved very easily and realize there is no "Hoffmann distances" as Zander are used, which are strongly cemented and must be broken literally. In Dadant I use so-called. Upholstery nails are not installed. In general, let Dadant honeycomb without Removing Tools.
The simple, fast and reliable appraisal of events throughout the brood chamber is not only interesting for breeders. Even beginners can more easily without the bees take their very pronounced as "information" silent, blame them. "
When training for Neuimker I am therefore consistently only to the clearly favored me Dadant a fashion all interested parties in the run-up to clear out. The success seems to agree with me. So now could in three years of intensive training, the number of members of our beekeepers' association on 60 beekeepers are doubled.
Relationship with colleagues.
Unfortunately, there are always "special offers" of bees and ausgemustertem material, which is the beginners recommended as optimal equipment.
If the clubs do not open and honestly discuss the arguments presented here, they should not be surprised view that you fly any new members. Especially young people interested in beekeeping people can question these days all the arguments very accurate and easy to see through adherence to outdated settings.
The brood combs remain max. 3 years in people.
Something oxalic acid is then sufficient.
Comments on the prey comparison of the German Bee Journal
In severe food rings in the upper brood chamber bees tend to ignore the honey room and store the nectar entry from the early flow below. Here, the beekeeper must in time by taking food and honeycomb hanging empty combs or center walls move the brood up ... including "honeycomb bee"?
The honeycomb lining to form the Begattungsableger come from the surplus of the peoples, to individual honeycomb must be moved and replaced by others.Without a "honeycomb bee" it is not so, -the Dadantimker not moved in the spring at the expansion of the brood combs more!
A Dadant- brood chamber of such operational considerations free, the people of a custom brood chamber is provided, honey spaces as needed, that's it!
After credible eyewitness reports brother Adam has aged more than 80 years by seen in one day 100 people. Granted, not everyone who works with the Dadant- system, but makes it clear that the system can not be so expensive and impractical, as it is often represented in certain circles.
(Klaus Fehrenbach, "Carnika and Buckfast compared" Lecture Bavarian Breeders Meeting, February 26, 1994, Nuremberg, Germany).
At that time, his question without echo is, now it is re-raised by the "Bee Journal," but they will probably never be answered objectively at preconceptions.
Since 2010 I have changed my operation to the one-piece nesting chamber (Dadant- Buckfast).
The reasons that led to the one-piece nesting chamber, were as follows:
Why beekeepers with a brood chamber and large honeycomb?
Dadant modified by brother Adam - 1.5 German normal level - 1.5 Zander
- "The best possible care and supervision of the production colonies"
- "The strength of a colony must not be weakened by action of the beekeeper."
- "Swarm prevention is to be operated primarily by breeding"
To be able to economically successful beekeepers, the following principles apply to me:
K cupping a mass of bees - No offshoot education in the usual sense (The Bees are needed for future costumes. Young people are created after the last centrifuging through artificial swarms.)
No breeding distancing (The Bien is torn and harmony among the people is disrupted for weeks).
No harvest incubated honeycomb. (The honey tastes better.)
The brood chamber took 16 honeycombs in Kaltbau and was firmly connected to the floor.
The entire honeycomb surface corresponded to that of today's 12er Dadant system.
The size of the brood chamber was doing with a difference (then a straw plate) adapted to the specific needs of Biens.
The honey room was equipped with half-height thick honeycomb. It has been working without safety.
Even then, the Dadant system was discussed.
But since there was no bee would fill this "great" prey, they created the "German Normal Ma ߓ, a calculated average of all frame dimensions then in use.
There were not many small but only 6 very large honeycomb.
January: Rest for bees and beekeepers
- Keep calm and wait patiently for the great awakening.
- Disturbing Initial control of peoples without the bees.
- Secure food supply.
- Floor grilles and air slot free.
- Remove dead and diseased people of the state.
March: great Spring Awakening
- The weather has already brought several airplane days.
- The bees carry an abundant pollen.
- The temperatures allow to work without a "winter clothes".
- This date may - depending on weather conditions - from mid-February to late March are.
Work on the colonies in April:
Mai: abundance in nature
Umlarven the precious maggots
Possibly reacting in foster people
Protecting the cells against obstruct
Verschulen the slip mature cells
All capped cells
Slip the young Queen
Earliest start of oviposition
hatched all cells
No capped brood
No capped brood
No capped brood
First capped brood earliest
· Drag queen
· Check swarming
· Weisel ensure accuracy
· think of requeened
· may centrifuging of forest honey
· Customize Honigraum to any summer dress
· Umweiseln economic nations with queens breeding and integrated Varroa reduction
July: final Honey Harvest